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Husband-and-wife research team, Dr. Stefano Montanari, and Dr. Antonietta Gatti have been investigating micro- and nano-particles, and their effects on human health, for decades. The duo has published hundreds of studies, many using their own electron microscope, linking nano-particles to many different health issues and disease. These particles; found all throughout pharmaceuticals and the environment, have been documented as health hazards, contributing to miscarriage, fetal malformations, and the development of cancer[1,2,3].

The two are very well-versed in their field, with Dr. Gatti being recognized by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Health Organization as an expert in nanotechnologies, responsible for several research contracts with various universities, and a member of the European Scientific Commission on Medicinal Products and Medical Devices[4,5]. Gatti has been in charge of the laboratory where she and her husband conduct their research, the Laboratory of Biomaterials at the University of Modena for over 30 years[6].

So it really came as a surprise when, on February 22, 2018, Gatti’s laboratory was raided by the Finance Police on the accusation of a scam related to their electron microscope[7]. Every inch of their home and lab was searched, and data, computers, and paper documents seized, with no word on their possible return. This raid came just days before Gatti was scheduled to address the courts in Lanusei with the findings in seized documentation, and during a time period where the couple had a full schedule of conferences and teaching events planned. And, with all copies of their materials taken, the pair would be forced to cancel their schedule.

This raid was the icing on the cake of a year full of being the receivers of several attacks and criticisms after, in January 2017, the pair published groundbreaking findings regarding the safety of vaccines. For the first time in history, Stefano and Antonietta discovered the presence of several contaminants in 43 of 44 vaccines tested, including iron, chromium, lead, and titanium[8,9]. These findings were published in the 4th Volume of the International Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination, and they stirred the world discussion on vaccine safety.

Hidden Contaminants in Vaccines

The research team carefully selected 44 popular vaccines that are administered, primarily to children, worldwide, and truly were ‘baffled’ at the unusual chemical compositions they found. They identified the presence of “inorganic, foreign bodies” in every sample tested, that were never listed or identified on the leaflets or package inserts. “We did not mean to discredit vaccines” Dr. Gatti stated, “we simply reported our data.” And, the data spoke for itself. The contaminants that were identified are bio-persistent, and not easily broken down. They can induce unwanted side effects that may be noticeable immediately after injection or “after a certain time from administration.”

Iron contaminants, for example, first must corrode, and this corrosion exerts a toxicity that affects surrounding tissues and could “heavily impair muscle functionality. Given the contaminations they observed, the scientists determined that adverse effects “after the injection of those vaccines are possible and credible”, and that it was “only obvious” that these foreign bodies can have “a more serious impact on very small organisms like those of children.”


Which Vaccines Were Tested?


Allergen Immunotherapy

Used in the US: No
Contaminants Identified: Aluminum
Ingredients Listed: 
Number of unreported contaminants: 0

Aluminum is identified in the package insert[10].

Typhim Vi

For use against typhoid fever for those two years of age and older, and is often recommended for travel[11]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Bromine, Lead, Ferrochrome, Chlorine, Silicon, Titanium
Ingredients Listed: hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, formaldehyde, phenol, polydimethylsiloxane, disodium phosphate, monosodium phosphate, semi-synthetic medium, sodium chloride [12]
Number of unreported contaminants: 4


Tetanus immunotherapy after exposure[13]

Used in the US: No – often given in Bangledesh and Serbia
Contaminants Identified: Silicon, Magnesium, Iron, Titanium, Aluminum, Zinc
Ingredients Listed: Tetanus Immune Globulin [14]
Number of unreported contaminants: 6

Vivotif Berna

Live typhoid vaccine often recommended for travelers or those who have been exposed to typhoid fever[15]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Aluminum, Zirconium, Hydogen Fluoride, Strontium, Bismuth, Chloride
Ingredients Listed: yeast extract, casein, dextrose, galactose, sucrose, ascorbic acid, amino acids, lactose, magnesium stearate. gelatin
Number of unreported contaminants: 7 

Inflexal V

Vaccine used against influenza[16]

Used in the US: No -often given in Europe
Contaminants Identified: Copper, Tin, Lead, Zinc, Iron, Calcium, Silicon, Aluminum, Sodium Phosphide, Titanium
Contaminants Listed: Sodium chloride, Egg protein, Virus: Influenza, Disodium dehydrogenate phosphate, Potassium dehydrogenate phosphate, Lecithin 
Number of unreported contaminants: 8


Vaccine used against tetanus[18]

Used in the US: No – often given in Italy
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Aluminum, Zinc Suflide, Barium
Ingredients Listed: No
Ingredients list not found


Vaccine used against measles, mumps, and rubella[20]

Used in the US: No – often given in New Zealand
Contaminants Identified: None
Ingredients Listed: N/A

Mencevax ACWY

Vaccine used against meningitis, is routinely given at 11-12 and 16-18 years old [21]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Chromium, Nickel, Zirconium, Aluminum, Silicon
Ingredients Listed:  Watson Scherp media containing casamino acid, modified culture medium containing hydrolyzed casein, ammonium sulfate, sodium phosphate, formaldehyde, sodium chloride
Number of unreported contaminants: 6


Vaccine used against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Is routinely given at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 months, and 4-6 years old [22]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Aluminum, Titanium, Silicon
Ingredients Listed:  Fenton medium containing a bovine extract, modified Latham medium derived from bovine casein, formaldehyde, modified Stainer-Scholte liquid medium, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hydroxide, sodium chloride, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80)
Number of unreported contaminants: 2

Infanrix Hexa

Six-in-One combination vaccine used against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, hep B, and Hib. Is routinely given at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 5 months [23]

Used in the US: No – often given in Canada and Australia
Contaminants Identified: Barium, Iron, Copper, Silicon, Aluminum, Calcium, Magnesium, Titanium, Gold, Tin, Chromium, Zinc, Stainless Steel, Nickel
Ingredients Listed:
 lactose, sodium chloride, aluminum adjuvant (as aluminum salts), water for injection, residual formaldehyde, polysorbate 20 and 80 (Tween 20 and 80), M199, potassium chloride, disodium phosphate, monopotassium phosphate, glycine, neomycin sulphate, polymyxin B sulphate and aluminum phosphate [24]
Number of unreported contaminants: 12


Vaccine used to prevent typhoid fever in children and adults [25]

Used in the US: No – often given in the UK
Contaminants Identified: Titanium, Stainless Steel, Aluminum, Silicon, Chromium, Barium
Ingredients Listed: 
Vi polysaccharide antigen, sodium chloride, disodium phosphate dihydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate, phenol and water [26]
Number of unreported contaminants: 6


Combined vaccine used against measles, mumps, and rubella. Is routinely given at 12 and 18 months old [27]

Used in the US: No – often given in Canada
Contaminants Identified: Stainless Steel, Calcium, Iron, Copper, Silicon, Aluminum, Magnesium, Lead, Titanium, Nickel
Ingredients Listed: 
Lyophilized powder for injection, Amino acids, lactose, mannitol, sorbitol, and water for injection. Residue: neomycin sulphate
Number of unreported contaminants: 


Vaccine used against Hepatitis B. is routinely given at birth, 2 months, and 6 months old [28]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Aluminum
Ingredients Listed: 
aluminum hydroxide, yeast protein, sodium chloride, disodium phosphate dihydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate dihydrate
Number of unreported contaminants: 0


Live virus vaccine used against Varicella (chickenpox). It is routinely given to children 9 months and older – 2 doses are administered six weeks apart [29]

Used in the US: No – often given in Australia and New Zealand
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Zinc, Silicon, Aluminum, Titanium, Magnesium, Zirconium, Bismuth
Ingredients Listed: 
live weakened varicella-zoster virus (Oka strain) amino acids for injection, human albumin, lactose, mannitol and sorbitol. Neomycin sulphate is present as a residual from the manufacturing process [30]
Number of unreported contaminants: 8


Vaccine used against the flu. It is routinely given one or two times per year in people six months and older [31]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Aluminum, Copper, Iron, Bismuth, Silicon, Zinc, Magnesium, Barium, Bromine, Chromium, Nickel
Ingredients Listed: 
octoxynol-10 (TRITON X-100), α-tocopheryl hydrogen succinate, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), hydrocortisone, gentamicin sulfate, ovalbumin, formaldehyde, sodium deoxycholate, sodium phosphate-buffered isotonic sodium chloride
Number of unreported contaminants: 11


Vaccine used against HPV. It is routinely given in a 3-dose series starting at 9 years old [32]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Silicon, Iron, Magnesium, Calcium, Zinc, Copper, Barium, Bismuth, Chromium, Nickel
Ingredients Listed: proteins of HPV types 16 and 18, 3- 0-desacyl-4′-monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), aluminum hydroxide, sodium chloride, and sodium dihydrogen phosphate dehydrate [33]
Number of unreported contaminants: 10


Vaccine used against diphtheria and tetanus for children and adults. It is routinely given in a 3-dose series starting at 6 years old, and a booster is recommended every 10 years [33]

Used in the US: No – often given in Italy
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Barium, Silicon, Aluminum, Zinc, Copper, Chromium
Ingredients Listed: 
Diphtheria, Tetanus Vaccine
Number of unreported contaminants: 7

Menjugate Kit

Vaccine used against meningitis. It is routinely given at 2 or 4 and 12 months old [34]

Used in the US: No – often given in Canada
Contaminants Identified: Silicon, Aluminum, Titanium, Iron, Zinc, Antimony, Stainless Steel, Zirconium
Ingredients Listed: 
10 μg Meningococcal Group C Oligosaccharide conjugated to 12.5 to 25μg CRM197, Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant, Sodium chloride, Sodium dihydrogen phosphate monohydrate, Diodium phosphate heptahydrate, Mannitol, Water for Injections [35]
Number of unreported contaminants: 7


Vaccine used against H1N1 flu

Used in the US: No – this product is no longer authorized for use anywhere [36]
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Chromium, Nickel, Copper, Silicon, Aluminum, Titanium, Magnesium, Zinc
Ingredients Listed: 
Influenza virus surface antigens
, oil in water emulsion containing squalene, polysorbate 80 and sorbitan trioleate, Sodium chloride, potassium chloride, potassium dihydrogen phosphate, disodium phosphate dihydrate, magnesium chloride hexahydrate, calcium chloride dihydrate, sodium citrate, citric acid, water for injections
Number of unreported contaminants: 8


Vaccine used against the flu. It is routinely given annually in people over 6 months old [37]

Used in the US: No – often given in Ireland and Australia
Contaminants Identified: Calcium, Iron, Barium, Zinc, Chromium, Silicon, Lead, Bismuth, Aluminum, Cerium, Titanium, Nickel, Potassium, Magnesium
Ingredients Listed: 
A (H1N1) strain; and A (H3N2) strain; and B strain, Sodium chloride, Potassium chloride, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate,  Sodium phosphate, dibasi, Magnesium chloride, Calcium chloride, Water for Injections [38]
Number of unreported contaminants: 11


Vaccine used against the flu. It is routinely given annually in adults 65 and older [39]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Calcium, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Titanium, Barium, Magnesium
Ingredients Listed: squalene, polysorbate 80, sorbitan trioleate, sodium citrate dehydrate, citric acid, monohydrate, neomycin, kanamycin, barium, egg proteins, cetyltrimethylammonium
bromide (CTAB), formaldehyde
Number of unreported contaminants: 7


Vaccine used against meningitis. It is routinely given in a 2- or 4-dose series beginning at 2 months [40]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Calcium, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Chromium, Nickel, Barium
Ingredients Listed: 
formaldehyde, amino acids, yeast extract, Franz complete medium, CY medium
Number of unreported contaminants: 7

Prevnar 13

Vaccine against pneumococcal bacteria. It is routinely given at 2, 4, 6, and 12-15 months old [41]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Chromium, Stainless Steel, Calcium, Aluminum, Silicon, Sulfur, Nickel, Phosphorus, Titanium, Manganese, Barium, Magnesium
Ingredients Listed:
soy peptone broth, casamino acids and yeast extract-based medium, CRM197 carrier protein, polysorbate 80, succinate buffer, aluminum phosphate
Number of unreported contaminants: 11


Vaccine against meningitis. It is routinely given at 2, 3, and 4 months old [42]

Used in the US: No – often given in UK and Australia
Contaminants Identified: Chromium, Silicon, Iron, Nickel, Stainless Steel, Calcium, Aluminum, Titanium, Lead, Zirconium
Ingredients Listed: 
Neisseria meningitidis Serogroup C oligosaccharide,  Corynebacterium diphtheriae CRM, Aluminium phosphate, Sodium chloride, Water for injections [43]
Number of unreported contaminants: 9


Vaccine against influenza. It is routinely given annually to people 6 months and older [44]

Used in the US: No – often given in Canada and Australia
Contaminants Identified: Iron, Chromium, Nickel, Silicon, Aluminum, Zinc, Silver, Titanium
Ingredients Listed: 
A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)pdm09-like strain, A/Texas/50/2012 (H3N2)-like strain and B/Massachusetts/2/2012-like strain, thimerosal,  sodium phosphate buffered isotonic sodium chloride solution, formaldehyde
Number of unreported contaminants: 5

Stamaril Pasteur

Live vaccine against yellow fever. It is most often recommended for travelers [45]

Used in the US: No – often given in Australia and UK
Contaminants Identified: Calcium, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Magnesium, Chromium
Ingredients Listed:
 Yellow fever virus (produced in specified pathogen-free chick embryos), 17D strain (live, attenuated), Lactose, sorbitol, L-histidine hydrochloride, L-alanine, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium phosphate-dibasic dihydrate, potassium phosphate-monobasic, calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate and water for injections
Number of unreported Contaminants: 5


Vaccine against HPV. It is routinely given in a 3-dose series beginning at 9 years old [46]

Used in the US: Yes
Contaminants Identified: Aluminum, Copper, Iron, Lead, Bismuth, Calcium, Silicon, Magnesium, Barium, Sulfur, Titanium
Ingredients Listed: 
vitamins, amino acids, mineral salts, carbohydrates, amorphous aluminum hydroxyphosphate sulfate, sodium chloride, L-histidine, polysorbate 80, sodium borate, yeast protein
Number of unreported contaminants: 10


Combined vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, and polio. It is routinely given at 3-4 years old [47]

Used in the US: No – often given in the UK
Contaminants Identified: Bismuth, Iron, Aluminum, Silicon, Magnesium, Barium, Calcium, Titanium, Bromine, Gold, Copper, Silver, Chromium, Nickel, Manganese
Ingredients Listed:
Diphtheria Toxoid, Tetanus Toxoid, Pertussis Antigens, Inactivated Poliomyelitis, Vero cells, aluminium phosphate, phenoxyethanol, polysorbate 80, water for injections
Number of unreported contaminants: 14

MMR VaxPro

Combined live-virus vaccine against measles, mumps, and rubella. It is routinely given at 12 months old [48]

Used in the US: No – often given in Europe
Contaminants Identified: Silicon, Iron, Chromium, Nickel, Calcium, Aluminum, Vanadium, Barium, Platinum, Silver
Ingredients Listed: 
Measles virus1 Enders’ Edmonston strain (live, attenuated), Mumps virus1 Jeryl Lynn™ [Level B] strain (live, attenuated), Rubella virus2 Wistar RA 27/3 strain (live, attenuated),  chick embryo cells,  WI-38 human diploid lung fibroblasts, sorbitol, sodium phosphate, potassium phosphate, sucrose, hydrolysed gelatin, medium 199 with Hanks’ salts, MEM, monosodium L-glutamate, neomycin, phenol red, sodium bicarbonate, hydrochloric acid (to adjust pH), and sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH), water for injections
Number of unreported contaminants: 10


After documenting their findings, the scientists reminded that “particles are bodies foreign to the organism and they behave as such.” It is for this reason that they induce an inflammatory response that can be carried by the blood circulation to an organ or the microbiota. the terrifying reality is, we are still only beginning to understand the known vaccine ingredient risks to human health, and if these hidden ingredients aren’t even being reported, catastrophic damage is being done. A further purification of vaccines could “decrease the number and seriousness of the adverse incidental effects.”

Until next time,




1. ResearchGate Antonietta Gatti
2. ResearchGate Environmental Nanoparticles are Significantly Over-Expressed in Acute Myeloid Leukemia
3. ResearchGate Nanopathology: The Nano-Bio-Interaction of Nanoparticles Inside the Human Body
4. World Health Organization FAO/WHO Expert Meeting on the Application of Nanotechnologies in the Food and Agriculture Sectors
5. European Commission Curriculum Vitae of Dr. Antonietta M. Gatti
6. The International College of Fellows of Biomaterials Science and Engineering Antonietta M. Gatti

Antonietta M. Gatti

7. Terra Nuva Home Search and Nanoparticle Expert Laboratory
8. TheBMJ Re: Many Vaccines have tiny Amounts of Inorganic Matter, Investigation Finds
9. MedCrave New Quality-Control Investigations on Vaccines: Micro- and Nano-Contamination
10. Merck Allergen Immunotherapy
11. FDA Typhim Vi
12. CDC Vaccine Excipient & Media Summary
13. MedEx Tetabulin S/D
14. Center for One Baxter Products & Services Directory
15. FDA Vivotif
16. MRP Package Leaflet
17. World Association for Vaccine Education Inflexal, Inflexal S, Inflexal V
18. Hendrick’s Regional Health Anatetall
20. MedIndia Morupar Drug Price and Information
21. GlaxoSmithKline Mencevax ACWY Product Information
22. FDA Package Insert – Infanrix
23. The Immunisation Advisory Centre Infanrix-hexa
24. RxList Infanrix Hexa
25. GlaxoSmithKline Typherix
26. EMC Typherix
27. GlaxoSmithKline Priorix
28. GlaxoSmithKline Engerix-B
29. GlaxoSmithKline Varilrix Product Information
30. GlaxoSmithKline Varilrix Live Attenuated Varicella Vaccine
31. FDA Fluarix Quadrivalent
32. FDA Cervarix
33. RxList Cervarix
33. Regione Veneto Dif-Tet-All Adults
34. HPRA Package Leaflet: Information for the User
35. Novartis Product Monograph
36. European Medicines Agency Focetria
37. HPRA Package Leaflet: Information for the User
38. NPS Agrippal Suspension for Injection
39. FDA Fluad
40. FDA Package Insert – Menveo
41. FDA Package Insert – Prevnar 13——Prevnar-13.pdf
42. GP2U Product Information – Meningitec
43.  Pfizer Meningitec
44. HRES Product Monograph – Vaxigrip
45. Sanofi Stamaril
46. FDA Gardasil Package Insert
47. MRP Repevax